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Modeling long imperfect SNS junctions and Andreev bound states using two impurities and the T-matrix formalism

Abstract : We provide a new analytical tool to calculate the energies of Andreev bound states (ABS) in long imperfect SNS junctions, at present these can only be described by numerical tools. We model an NS junction as a delta-function "Andreev" impurity, i.e., a localized potential which scatters an electron into a hole with opposite spin. We show using the scattering matrix formalism that, quite surprisingly, an "Andreev" impurity is equivalent to an NS junction characterized by both Andreev reflection and a finite amount of normal scattering. The ABS energies are then calculated using the T-matrix formalism applied to a system with two Andreev impurities. Our results lie between those for a perfect long SNS junction limit described by the Andreev approximation (ABS energies depend linearly on the phase and are independent of the chemical potential) and the particle-inthe-box limit (bound state energies are independent of the phase and have a linear dependence on the chemical potential). Moreover, we recover a closed-form expression for the ABS energies by expanding around the particle-in-the-box limit.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-03196137
Contributor : Emmanuelle de Laborderie <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 12, 2021 - 2:56:34 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 17, 2021 - 3:30:32 AM

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Sarah Pinon, Vardan Kaladzhyan, Cristina Bena. Modeling long imperfect SNS junctions and Andreev bound states using two impurities and the T-matrix formalism. Physical Review B, American Physical Society, 2020, 101 (20), pp.205136. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.101.205136⟩. ⟨cea-03196137⟩

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