Visible spectroscopy diagnostics for tungsten source assessment in the west tokamak: first measurements

Abstract : The present work concerns the measurements obtained with the WEST Visible Spectroscopy system during the first experimental campaign. This system has been developed in the framework of the WEST (Tungsten [W] Environment in Steady-state Tokamak) project that equipped the existing Tore Supra device with a tungsten divertor in order to test actively cooled tungsten Plasma Facing Components (PFC) in view of preparing for ITER operation. The goal of this diagnostic is to measure the PFC sources and the deuterium recycling with spectral, spatial and temporal resolution adapted to the predicted power deposition profiles on the objects observed. Three kinds of PFCs are monitored: the ICRH antenna and LHCD launcher W limiters; one of the 6 W inner bumpers; the upper and lower W divertors. Large-aperture in vessel actively cooled optical systems (f-number ~ 3) were installed for each view and connected to optical fibres. A total of 240 optical fibers can be distributed on various detection systems including a fast response-time, multi-channel, filtered photodetector-based "Filterscope" system, developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (USA) as well as grating spectrometers optimized for multi-sightline analysis. The first WEST experimental campaign conducted in 2017 has been dedicated to plasma start-up development during which the visible spectroscopy system has provided crucial information related to the impurity content first and then impurity sources. The diagnostic setup for that first experimental campaign was limited to the inner bumper and outer limiters but was sufficient to demonstrate the optical setup was in accordance with the specifications. The Radiance calibration procedure allowed us to estimate fluxes from the main limiter of about 8×10$^{18}$ atoms/(s.m²) and to show a first W source radial profile along the outboard limiter.
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O. Meyer, J. Giacalone, A. Gouin, J. Pascal, C. Klepper, et al.. Visible spectroscopy diagnostics for tungsten source assessment in the west tokamak: first measurements. Review of Scientific Instruments, American Institute of Physics, 2018, 89, pp.10D105. ⟨10.1063/1.5035566⟩. ⟨cea-01874245⟩

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