miR-708-5p and miR-34c-5p are involved in nNOS regulation in dystrophic context

Abstract : Background: Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) muscular dystrophies are caused by mutations in the DMD gene coding for dystrophin, a protein being part of a large sarcolemmal protein scaffold that includes the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). The nNOS was shown to play critical roles in a variety of muscle functions and alterations of its expression and location in dystrophic muscle fiber leads to an increase of the muscle fatigability. We previously revealed a decrease of nNOS expression in BMD patients all presenting a deletion of exons 45 to 55 in the DMD gene (BMDd45-55), impacting the nNOS binding site of dystrophin. Since several studies showed deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) in dystrophinopathies, we focused on miRNAs that could target nNOS in dystrophic context. Methods: By a screening of 617 miRNAs in BMDd45-55 muscular biopsies using TLDA and an in silico study to determine which one could target nNOS, we selected four miRNAs. In order to select those that targeted a sequence of 3′UTR of NOS1, we performed luciferase gene reporter assay in HEK393T cells. Finally, expression of candidate miRNAs was modulated in control and DMD human myoblasts (DMDd45-52) to study their ability to target nNOS. Results: TLDA assay and the in silico study allowed us to select four miRNAs overexpressed in muscle biopsies of BMDd45-55 compared to controls. Among them, only the overexpression of miR-31, miR-708, and miR-34c led to a decrease of luciferase activity in an NOS1-3′UTR-luciferase assay, confirming their interaction with the NOS1-3′UTR. The effect of these three miRNAs was investigated on control and DMDd45-52 myoblasts. First, we showed a decrease of nNOS expression when miR-708 or miR-34c were overexpressed in control myoblasts. We then confirmed that DMDd45-52 cells displayed an endogenous increased of miR-31, miR-708, and miR-34c and a decreased of nNOS expression, the same characteristics observed in BMDd45-55 biopsies. In DMDd45-52 cells, we demonstrated that the inhibition of miR-708 and miR-34c increased nNOS expression, confirming that both miRNAs can modulate nNOS expression in human myoblasts. Conclusion: These results strongly suggest that miR-708 and miR-34c, overexpressed in dystrophic context, are new actors involved in the regulation of nNOS expression in dystrophic muscle.
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Soumis le : mardi 15 mai 2018 - 10:27:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 1 juin 2018 - 10:52:04

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Marine Guilbaud, Christel Gentil, Cecile Peccate, Elena Gargaun, Isabelle Holtzmann, et al.. miR-708-5p and miR-34c-5p are involved in nNOS regulation in dystrophic context. Skeletal Muscle, BioMed Central, 2018, 8, pp.15. 〈10.1186/s13395-018-0161-2〉. 〈hal-01792009〉

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