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Journal Articles (Review Article) Journal of Modern Physics Year : 2023

Photon structure and wave function from the vector potential quantization

Abstract

A photon structure is advanced based on the experimental evidence and the vector potential quantization at a single photon level. It is shown that the photon is neither a point particle nor an infinite wave but behaves rather like a local "wave-corpuscle" extended over a wavelength, occupying a minimum quantization volume and guided by a non-local vector potential real wave function. The quantized vector potential oscillates over a wavelength with circular left or right polarization giving birth to orthogonal magnetic and electric fields whose amplitudes are proportional to the square of the frequency. The energy $\hbar$$\omega$ and momentum $\hbar$$\bar{k}$ are carried by the local wavecorpuscle guided by the non-local vector potential wave function suitably normalized.
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Dates and versions

cea-04021491 , version 1 (09-03-2023)

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Constantin Meis. Photon structure and wave function from the vector potential quantization. Journal of Modern Physics, 2023, 14, pp.311 - 329. ⟨10.4236/jmp.2023.143020⟩. ⟨cea-04021491⟩

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