Development of an adequate formation protocol for a non-aqueous potassium-ion hybrid supercapacitor (KIC) through the study of cells swelling phenomenon - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Batteries Year : 2022

Development of an adequate formation protocol for a non-aqueous potassium-ion hybrid supercapacitor (KIC) through the study of cells swelling phenomenon

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Abstract

Hybrid supercapacitors have been developed in the pursuit of increasing the energy density of conventional supercapacitors without affecting the power density nor lifespan. Potassium-ion hybrid supercapacitors (KIC) consist of an activated carbon capacitor-type positive electrode and a graphitic battery-type negative one working in an electrolyte based on potassium salt. Overcoming the inherent potassium problems (irreversible capacity, extensive volume expansion, dendrites formation), the non-reproducibility of the results was a major obstacle to the development of this KIC technology. To remedy this, the development of an adequate formation protocol was necessary. However, this revealed a cell swelling phenomenon, a well-known issue whether for supercapacitors or Li-ion batteries. This phenomenon in the case of KIC technology has been investigated through constant voltage (CV) tests and volume measurements. The responsible phenomena seem to be the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation at the negative electrode during the first use of the system and the perpetual decomposition of the electrolyte solvent at high voltage. Thanks to these results, a proper formation protocol for KICs, which offers good energy density (14 Wh.kg$_{electrochemical\ core}$$^{-1}$) with an excellent stability at fast charging rate, was developed.
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cea-03907561 , version 1 (20-12-2022)

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Marie-Eve Yvenat, Benoit Chavillon, Eric Mayousse, Fabien Perdu, Philippe Azais. Development of an adequate formation protocol for a non-aqueous potassium-ion hybrid supercapacitor (KIC) through the study of cells swelling phenomenon. Batteries, 2022, 8 (10), pp.135. ⟨10.3390/batteries8100135⟩. ⟨cea-03907561⟩
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