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Pericytes take up and degrade $\alpha$-synuclein but succumb to apoptosis under cellular stress

Abstract : Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterised by the progressive loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons and the presence of aggregated α-synuclein (α-syn). Pericytes and microglia, two nonneuronal cells contain α-syn in the human brain, however, their role in disease processes is poorly understood. Pericytes, found surrounding the capillaries in the brain are important for maintaining the blood–brain barrier, controlling blood fow and mediating infammation. In this study, primary human brain pericytes and microglia were exposed to two diferent α-synuclein aggregates. Infammatory responses were assessed using immunocytochemistry, cytometric bead arrays and proteome profler cytokine array kits. Fixed fow cytometry was used to investigate the uptake and subsequent degradation of α-syn in pericytes. We found that the two α-syn aggregates are devoid of infammatory and cytotoxic actions on human brain derived pericytes and microglia. Although α-syn did not induce an infammatory response, pericytes efciently take up and degrade α-syn through the lysosomal pathway but not the ubiquitin–proteasome system. Furthermore, when pericytes were exposed the ubiquitin proteasome inhibitor—MG132 and α-syn aggregates, there was profound cytotoxicity through the production of reactive oxygen species resulting in apoptosis. These results suggest that the observed accumulation of α-syn in pericytes in human PD brains likely plays a role in PD pathogenesis, perhaps by causing cerebrovascular instability, under conditions of cellular stress.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-03827547
Contributor : Ronald Melki Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 24, 2022 - 5:09:03 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 27, 2022 - 3:43:06 AM

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Taylor J Stevenson, Rebecca H Johnson, Justin Rustenhoven, Zoe Woolf, Leon C D Smyth, et al.. Pericytes take up and degrade $\alpha$-synuclein but succumb to apoptosis under cellular stress. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12, ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-20261-0⟩. ⟨cea-03827547⟩

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