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Chromium enriched peraluminous glasses: solubility limits, crystalline phase equilibrium and impact of chromium on the rheological properties of the glass

Abstract : Chromium is a multivalent element with very low solubility in silica-based glasses. It is incorporated into glass via the solubilisation of Cr2O3 as Cr3+ through an acido-basic reaction, and is in redox equilibrium with Cr6+ and Cr2+ oxidation states depending on the surrounding atmosphere. The least soluble form of chromium is Cr3+, which is also the most common form of chromium in glass elaborated in air. This study investigated the behaviour of chromium in peraluminous glasses, which are potential matrices for nuclear waste containment. Chromium is often present in nuclear waste solutions as a corrosion product coming from the waste reprocessing steps. Consequently, it is important to understand the effect of chromium addition to peraluminous glasses, both in terms of the microstructure and the processing ability of the glass melt. The study investigated the effect of chromium added as a Cr2O3 chromium (+III) oxide on the homogeneity, the viscosity, and the glass transition temperature (Tg) of peraluminous glasses. The chromium redox state and its effect on the incorporation limit of chromium was determined. Peraluminous glasses have an incorporation limit of between 0.50 and 0.55 wt. % Cr2O3 in air, and between 1.25 and 1.50 wt. % Cr2O3 in a reducing environment. Chromium (+III) oxide was found to have a limited effect on the viscosity of peraluminous glasses up to 2 wt.% of Cr2O3, despite the presence of crystals above 0.5 wt. %. The addition of chromium oxide had no significant effect on the Tg of the glass, except after a slow cooling of the sample containing the highest content of 2.0 wt. % Cr2O3 Two forms of chromium were identified under UV-visible spectroscopy for the glasses elaborated in air: Cr3+ (6-fold) and Cr6+ (4-fold).
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Submitted on : Monday, September 19, 2022 - 11:32:07 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 27, 2022 - 4:23:48 AM

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Erik Hansen, Damien Perret, Isabelle Giboire, Sylvain Mure, Pierre-Jean Panteix, et al.. Chromium enriched peraluminous glasses: solubility limits, crystalline phase equilibrium and impact of chromium on the rheological properties of the glass. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2022, pp.153802. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2022.153802⟩. ⟨cea-03777201⟩

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