Improving monitoring of the fast changing core magnetic field with the future NanoMagSat 16U nanosatellite constellation high-precision magnetic project - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Conference Poster Year : 2022

Improving monitoring of the fast changing core magnetic field with the future NanoMagSat 16U nanosatellite constellation high-precision magnetic project

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Abstract

The geomagnetic field has been continuously monitored from low-Earth orbit (LEO) since 1999, complementing ground-based observatory data by providing calibrated scalar and vector measurements with global coverage. The successful three-satellite ESA Swarm constellation is expected to remain in operation up to at least 2025. Further monitoring the field from space with high-precision absolute magnetometry beyond that date is of critical importance for improving our understanding of dynamics of the multiple components of this field, in particular that of the core field, as well as the ionospheric environment. Here, we will report on the latest status of the NanoMagSat project, which aims to deploy and operate a new constellation concept of three identical 16U nanosatellites, using two inclined (approximately 60°) and one polar LEO, as well as an innovative payload including an advanced Miniaturized Absolute scalar and self-calibrated vector Magnetometer (MAM) combined with a set of precise star trackers (STR), a compact High-frequency Field Magnetometer (HFM, sharing subsystems with the MAM), a multi-needle Langmuir Probe (m-NLP) and dual frequency GNSS receivers. The data to be produced will at least include 1 Hz absolutely calibrated and oriented magnetic vector field (using the MAM and STR), 2 kHz very low noise magnetic scalar (using the MAM) and vector (using the HFM) field, 2 kHz local electron density and 1 Hz electron temperature (using the m-NLP) as well as precise timing, location and TEC products. The three-satellite constellation design is such that all local times at all geographic locations between 60°N and 60°S will be covered in a little more than one month, much faster than Swarm, which the NanoMagSat is also designed to complement for even better coverage, should Swarm still be in operation at the time of launch. In addition to presenting the nanosatellite and mission concepts, as well as the latest status of the mission (which started in January 2022 an 18 months phase of risk retirements activities funded by ESA), this presentation will focus on the expected ability of NanoMagSat to recover fast core field signals at mid and low latitudes that no previous mission could document so far, but which numerical simulations of the dynamo strongly suggest are very likely produced within the Earth's core.
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cea-03776087 , version 1 (13-09-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : cea-03776087 , version 1

Cite

Gauthier Hulot, Patrick Alken, Julien Aubert, Robin Duchêne, William Brown, et al.. Improving monitoring of the fast changing core magnetic field with the future NanoMagSat 16U nanosatellite constellation high-precision magnetic project. SEDI 2022 (Study of the Earth's Deep Interior), Jul 2022, Zurich, Switzerland. 2022. ⟨cea-03776087⟩
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