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Journal Articles Progress in Color, Colorants and Coatings Year : 2022

Oxidation of silicon carbide composites for nuclear applications at very high temperatures in steam

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Abstract

Single-rod oxidation and quench experiments at very high temperatures in steam atmosphere were conducted with advanced, nuclear grade SiCf/SiC CMC cladding tube segments. A transient experiment was performed until severe local degradation of the sample at maximum temperature of approximately 1845 ◦C. The degradation was caused by complete consumption of the external CVD-SiC sealcoat, resulting in steam access to the fiber–matrix composite with less corrosion resistance. Approaching these very high temperatures was accompanied by accelerated gas release mainly of H$_2$ and CO$_2$ , the formation of surface bubbles and white smoke. Three one-hour isothermal tests at 1700 ◦C in steam with final water flooding and one three-hour experiment with fast cool-down in Ar atmosphere were run under nominally identical conditions. All isothermally tested samples survived the tests without any macroscopic degradation. The mechanical performance of these quenched clad segments was not significantly affected, while maintaining a high capability to tolerate damages. Despite these harsh exposure conditions, load transfer between SiC fibers and matrix remained efficient, allowing the composites to accommodate deformation.
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Dates and versions

cea-03771347 , version 1 (07-09-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Martin Steinbrueck, Mirco Grosse, Ulrike Stegmaier, James Braun, Christophe Lorrette. Oxidation of silicon carbide composites for nuclear applications at very high temperatures in steam. Progress in Color, Colorants and Coatings, 2022, 12 (7), pp.875. ⟨10.3390/coatings12070875⟩. ⟨cea-03771347⟩
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