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Solubility of uranium oxide in ternary aluminosilicate glass melts

Abstract : The immobilization of highly radioactive waste using vitrification process has been in application since many decades [1]. This process can reduce the potential for radionuclides migration or dispersion [2] by chemical incorporation into the structure of a glass matrix in order to trap radionuclides. This process is now under investigation for conditioning Intermediate Level Waste - Long Life (ILW-LL) using aluminosilicate glasses as host matrices. The vitrification must be able to maintain, within a certain range of composition and redox potential, the actinides solubility. It is known that uranium chemistry is complex in glass-forming systems due to the presence of many oxidation states (VI, V, IV), each of them having a specific solubility in melts. The aim of this work is to determine and model uranium solubility and its oxidation states as a function of the glass melt composition and oxidoreduction potential (oxygen fugacity, from 10-0.7 atm to 10-16 atm). The ternary SiO2-Al2O3-CaO (CAS) and SiO2-Al2O3-MgO (MAS) systems are studied. Different compositions are synthesized by modifying the Al content for each ternary system. Uranium is added in excess in order to reach an equilibrium between the melt and uranium oxide crystals. This presentation will give results on the behaviour of uranium over a large redox range. The results of uranium solubility (SEM/EDS) as a function of oxygen fugacity as well as a function of Al2O3 content will be presented (example on Figure 1). Analyses of uranium oxide crystals (XRD) were carried out. The proportion of uranium oxidation states was determined by XANES while their different structures were analysed by EXAFS. Hypotheses on the differences in behaviour between the two systems CAS and MAS will be formulated.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 13, 2022 - 12:30:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 19, 2022 - 3:52:01 AM

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Olivier Podda, Laurent Tissandier, Annabelle Laplace-Ploquin, Etienne Deloule. Solubility of uranium oxide in ternary aluminosilicate glass melts. ICG2022 - 26th International Congress on Glass, ICG, Jul 2022, Berlin, Germany. ⟨cea-03722316⟩

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