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Investigation of clad ballooning during NSRR RIA tests using ALCYONE fuel performance code

Abstract : ALCYONE simulations of integral RIA transients performed on UO2 fuel rods prior to or within the ALPS program in the Japanese NSRR facility with stagnant liquid water coolant conditions are presented in this paper. The 11 selected tests which cover a wide range of fuel enthalpy increases (200 J/g - 800 J/g) aimed at assessing/challenging ALCYONE capabilities on four quantities of interest: clad outer surface peak temperature (293 K - 1200 K), film boiling duration (0 s - 2 s), clad residual hoop strain (0% - 25%) and transient fission gas release (2% - 25%). Despite a global consistency between measurements and ALCYONE predictions, paths are investigated to explain and reduce discrepancies. In particular, the reevaluation of fuel enthalpies by JAEA has led to revisit ALCYONE clad-to-water coolant heat exchange models which were derived from previous values of fuel enthalpies and suggested a recalibration of some of their parameters. Then, modeling the delayed gas axial flow in the free volumes of the rod is shown essential to achieve better residual hoop strain predictions in case of clad ballooning if proper timing of fission gas release, rod internal pressure increase and clad temperature elevation can be simulated. Key experimental and/or modeling research areas are shown to be at stake for future work.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-03713987
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 10:42:23 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 6, 2022 - 3:48:15 AM

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Isabelle Guenot-Delahaie, Jerome Sercombe, Eric Federici, Christian Bernaudat, Rodrigue Largenton, et al.. Investigation of clad ballooning during NSRR RIA tests using ALCYONE fuel performance code. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2022, 562, pp.153584. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2022.153584⟩. ⟨cea-03713987⟩

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