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Fabrication of photocatalysts by laser pyrolysis for alkenes production

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Abstract

Alkenes, and more particularly ethylene, are essential organic molecules for chemical and petrochemical industries and are needed in ton quantities. New ways are developed to produce ethylene without hydrocarbons. They mainly focus on dehydrogenation reactions from ethanol. However, these processes often require a significant energy consumption despite the use of heterogeneous acid catalysts, with high temperature and/or pressure. In this context, we aim to synthesize environmental-friendly and low-cost photocatalysts, which could degrade organic compounds such as alcohols and acids into alkanes and alkenes. In order to achieve this aim, TiO2-based photocatalysts were synthesized from TTIP (Titanium Tetra Isopropoxide) precursor by an original gas-phase method, the CO2 laser pyrolysis technique. It offers a great flexibility in obtaining small and homogeneous nanoparticles (5-60 nm size ranging), with controlled crystallinity and carbon contain. Addition of graphene in TTIP allowed to obtain graphenemodified TiO2 composites (from 0.04 to 2.00 wt% regarding TTIP). First results show an evolution of the specific surface related to the graphene content. These photocatalysts were first used for photo-oxidation of formic acid and shew an improvement for formic acid degradation at low graphene content by comparison to pure TiO2. Theses composites were also tested for alkene production from propionic acid photo-reduction.
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Dates and versions

cea-03681030 , version 1 (30-05-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : cea-03681030 , version 1

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Juliette Karpiel, Pierre Lonchambon, Frédéric Dappozze, Nathalie Herlin, Chantal Guillard. Fabrication of photocatalysts by laser pyrolysis for alkenes production. Sixth edition of International Conference on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering (CCE-2022), Feb 2021, San Francisco, United States. ⟨cea-03681030⟩
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