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Journal Articles Angewandte Chemie International Edition Year : 2022

Selective Reduction of Secondary Amides to Imines Catalysed by Schwartz’s Reagent

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Abstract

The partial reduction of amides is a challenging transformation that must overcome the intrinsic stability of the amide bond and exhibit high chemoselective control to overcome overreduction to amine products. To address this challenge, we describe a zirconium-catalysed synthesis of imines by the reductive deoxygenation of secondary amides. This reaction exploits the excellent chemoselectivity of Schwartz’s reagent (Cp 2 Zr(H)Cl) and utilises (EtO) 3 SiH as a mild stoichiometric reductant to enable catalyst turnover. The reaction generally proceeds with high yields (19 examples, 51 to 95% yield) and tolerates a variety of functional groups (alkene, ester, nitro, etc.). Stoichiometric mechanistic investigations suggest the regeneration of the active [Zr]–H catalyst is achieved through the metathesis of Si–H and Zr–OR σ-bonds.
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Dates and versions

cea-03675175 , version 1 (23-05-2022)

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Liam Donnelly, Jean-Claude Berthet, Thibault Cantat. Selective Reduction of Secondary Amides to Imines Catalysed by Schwartz’s Reagent. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2022, 61 (33), pp.e202206170. ⟨10.1002/anie.202206170⟩. ⟨cea-03675175⟩
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