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Journal Articles Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Year : 2022

In vivo detection of carnosine and its derivatives using chemical exchange saturation transfer

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Abstract

Abstract Purpose To detect carnosine, anserine and homocarnosine in vivo with chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) at 17.2 T. Methods CEST MR acquisitions were performed using a CEST-linescan sequence developed in-house and optimized for carnosine detection. In vivo CEST data were collected from three different regions of interest (the lower leg muscle, the olfactory bulb and the neocortex) of eight rats. Results The CEST effect for carnosine, anserine and homocarnosine was characterized in phantoms, demonstrating the possibility to separate individual contributions by employing high spectral resolution (0.005 ppm) and low CEST saturation power (0.15 T). The CEST signature of these peptides was evidenced, in vivo, in the rat brain and skeletal muscle. The presence of carnosine and anserine in the muscle was corroborated by in vivo localized spectroscopy (MRS). However, the sensitivity of MRS was insufficient for carnosine and homocarnosine detection in the brain. The absolute amounts of carnosine and derivatives in the investigated tissues were determined by liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry using isotopic dilution standard methods and were in agreement with the CEST results. Conclusion The robustness of the CEST-linescan approach and the favorable conditions for CEST at ultra-high magnetic field allowed the in vivo CEST MR detection of carnosine and related peptides. This approach could be useful to investigate noninvasively the (patho)-physiological roles of these molecules.
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Dates and versions

cea-03662336 , version 1 (09-05-2022)

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Solène Bardin, Michele Lecis, Davide Boido, Céline Boutin, Giovanna Baron, et al.. In vivo detection of carnosine and its derivatives using chemical exchange saturation transfer. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 2022, 2022, pp.1-10. ⟨10.1002/mrm.29282⟩. ⟨cea-03662336⟩
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