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The Role of ($^{tBu}$POCOP)Ir(I) and iridium(III) pincer complexes in the catalytic hydrogenolysis of silyl triflates into hydrosilanes

Gabriel Durin 1 Jean-Claude Berthet 1 Emmanuel Nicolas 1 Pierre Thuéry 1 Thibault Cantat 1 
1 LCMCE - Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire et de Catalyse pour l'Energie (ex LCCEF)
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : Hydrosilanes are convenient reductants for a large variety of organic substrates, but they are produced via energy-intensive processes. These limitations call for the development of general catalytic processes able to transform Si–O into Si–H bonds. We report here the catalytic hydrogenolysis of R$_3$SiOTf (R = Me, Et, and Ph) species in the presence of a base (e.g., NEt$_3$), by the hydride complexes [($^{tBu}$POCOP)IrH(X)] (X = H and OTf; ($^{tBu}$POCOP = [1,3-C$_6$H$_3$)(OPtBu)$_2$]). Syntheses and crystal structures of new iridium(I) and iridium(III) complexes are presented as well as their role in the R$_3$SiOTf to R$_3$SiH transformation. The mechanisms of these reactions have been examined by DFT studies, revealing that the active species involved in the reduction of the Si–OTf vs Si–Cl bond are different. The rate-determining transition state is a base-assisted splitting of H$_2$, forming an iridium(III) dihydride species.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 28, 2022 - 6:18:15 PM
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Gabriel Durin, Jean-Claude Berthet, Emmanuel Nicolas, Pierre Thuéry, Thibault Cantat. The Role of ($^{tBu}$POCOP)Ir(I) and iridium(III) pincer complexes in the catalytic hydrogenolysis of silyl triflates into hydrosilanes. Organometallics, American Chemical Society, 2021, 2021, pp.acs.organomet.1c00576. ⟨10.1021/acs.organomet.1c00576⟩. ⟨cea-03547778⟩

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