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Deep learning side-channel analysis on large-scale traces: A Case Study on a Polymorphic AES

Loïc Masure 1, 2, * Nicolas Belleville 3 Eleonora Cagli 1 Marie-Angela Cornélie 1 Damien Couroussé 3 Cécile Dumas 1 Laurent Maingault 1
* Corresponding author
3 LFIM - Laboratoire Fonctions Innovantes pour circuits Mixtes
UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes, DSCIN - Département Systèmes et Circuits Intégrés Numériques : DRT/LIST/DSCIN
Abstract : $Code\ polymorphism$ is a way to efficiently address the challenge of automatically applying the hiding of sensitive information leakage, as a way to protect cryptographic primitives against side-channel attacks (SCA) involving layman adversaries. Yet, recent improvements in SCA, involving more powerful threat models, e.g., using deep learning, emphasized the weaknesses of some hiding countermeasures. This raises two questions. On the one hand, the security of code polymorphism against more powerful attackers, which has never been addressed so far, might be affected. On the other hand, using deep learning SCA on code polymorphism would require to scale the state-ofthe-art models to much larger traces than considered so far in the literature. Such a case typically occurs with code polymorphism due to the unknown precise location of the leakage from one execution to another. We tackle those questions through the evaluation of two polymorphic implementations of AES, similar to the ones used in a recent paper published in TACO 2019 [6]. We show on our analysis how to efficiently adapt deep learning models used in SCA to scale on traces 32 folds larger than what has been done so far in the literature. Our results show that the targeted polymorphic implementations are broken within 20 queries with the most powerful threat models involving deep learning, whereas 100,000 queries would not be sufficient to succeed the attacks previously investigated against code polymorphism. As a consequence, this paper pushes towards the search of new polymorphic implementations secured against state-of-the-art attacks, which currently remains to be found.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 4:22:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 3:14:32 AM

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Loïc Masure, Nicolas Belleville, Eleonora Cagli, Marie-Angela Cornélie, Damien Couroussé, et al.. Deep learning side-channel analysis on large-scale traces: A Case Study on a Polymorphic AES. ESORICS 2020: Computer Security, Sep 2020, Guildford, United Kingdom. pp.440-460, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-58951-6_22⟩. ⟨cea-03483683⟩

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