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Role of alkalis on the incorporation of iodine in simple borosilicate glasses

Abstract : To understand the influence of alkali elements on the incorporation mechanisms and incorporation limit of iodine in borosilicate glasses used for nuclear waste immobilization, series of model glasses with different alkali contents (22 or 35 mol% Na2O, or 22 mol% of a mixture of alkalis: Na substituted by Li, K and Cs) were loaded with iodine (from 1 000 to 10 000 ppm at. under the form of iodide) at 1100 °C. When the incorporation limit of iodine was reached, alkali iodide crystals were observed (e.g., NaI). For oversaturated samples containing two alkalis, iodide crystals were analyzed and it was found that crystals are enriched in the heavier one of the two relative to bulk composition. Crystal-free glasses were studied by Electron Probe Micro-Analysis to measure the incorporation limit of iodine. A complex variation of incorporation limit was found. Initial substitution of Na by other alkalis (<50%) leads to a decrease in I incorporation limit, this decrease being smallest for Li and largest for Cs. For substitution >50%, only the potassium-bearing system could be studied. In this case, the incorporation limit was non-linear and passed through a minimum for a substitution of ∼75%. Glass structure was determined by X-Ray absorption spectroscopy and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, providing evidence for local I environments rich in alkalis. It is concluded that high alkali content and high concentrations of Na2O are particularly favorable for iodine incorporation.
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Contributor : Serge Palacin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 12:07:54 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 7:11:19 AM



Boris Vénague, Lionel Campayo, Michael Toplis, Thibault Charpentier, Mélanie Moskura, et al.. Role of alkalis on the incorporation of iodine in simple borosilicate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, 2021, 576, pp.121278. ⟨10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2021.121278⟩. ⟨cea-03439593⟩



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