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Adsorption of toluene and water over cationic-exchanged Y zeolites: A DFT exploration

Abstract : In this study, density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed to investigate the adsorption mechanisms of toluene and water onto various cationic forms of Y zeolite (LiY, NaY, KY, CsY, CuY and AgY). Our computational investigation revealed that toluene is mainly adsorbed via π–interactions on alkalis exchanged Y zeolites, where the adsorbed toluene moiety interacts with a single cation for all cases with the exception of CsY, where two cations can simultaneously contribute to the adsorption of the toluene, hence leading to the highest interaction observed among the series. Furthermore, we find that the interaction energies of toluene increase while moving down in the alkaline series where interaction energies are 87.8, 105.5, 97.8, and 114.4 kJ/mol for LiY, NaY, KY and CsY, respectively. For zeolites based on transition metals (CuY and AgY), our calculations reveal a different adsorption mode where only one cation interacts with toluene through two carbon atoms of the aromatic ring with interaction energies of 147.0 and 131.5 kJ/mol for CuY and AgY, respectively. More importantly, we show that water presents no inhibitory effect on the adsorption of toluene, where interaction energies of this latter were 10 kJ/mol (LiY) to 47 kJ/mol (CsY) higher than those of water. Our results point out that LiY would be less efficient for the toluene/water separation while CuY, AgY and CsY would be the ideal candidates for this application.
Keywords : toluene DFT zeolite Y
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-03343141
Contributor : Serge Palacin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 7:11:07 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:38:48 AM

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Etienne Hessou, Lucie Bédé, Hicham Jabraoui, Abderrahmane Semmeq, Michael Badawi, et al.. Adsorption of toluene and water over cationic-exchanged Y zeolites: A DFT exploration. Molecules, MDPI, 2021, 26 (18), pp.5486. ⟨10.3390/molecules26185486⟩. ⟨cea-03343141⟩

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