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Distribution of the total angular momentum in relativistic configurations

Michel Poirier 1 Jean-Christophe Pain 2
1 MHDE - Matière à Haute Densité d'Energie
IRAMIS - Institut Rayonnement Matière de Saclay, LIDyl - Laboratoire Interactions, Dynamiques et Lasers (ex SPAM)
Abstract : This paper is devoted to the analysis of the distribution of the total angular momentum in a relativistic configuration. Using cumulants and generating function formalism this analysis can be reduced to the study of individual subshells with N equivalent electrons of momentum j. An expression as a nth-derivative is provided for the generating function of the J distribution and efficient recurrence relations are established. It is shown that this distribution may be represented by a Gram–Charlier-like series which is derived from the corresponding series for the magnetic quantum number distribution. The numerical efficiency of this expansion is fair when the configuration consists of several subshells, while the accuracy is less good when only one subshell is involved. An analytical expression is given for the odd-order momenta while the even-order ones are expressed as a series which provides an acceptable accuracy though being not convergent. Such expressions may be used to obtain approximate values for the number of transitions in a spin–orbit split array: it is shown that the approximation is often efficient when few terms are kept, while some complex cases require to include a large number of terms.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 4:34:49 PM
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Michel Poirier, Jean-Christophe Pain. Distribution of the total angular momentum in relativistic configurations. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, IOP Publishing, 2021, 54 (14), pp.145006. ⟨10.1088/1361-6455/ac17cb⟩. ⟨cea-03337189⟩

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