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Understanding the nitrate coordination to Eu3+ ions in solution by potential of mean force calculations

Magali Duvail 1 Philippe Guilbaud 1 
1 LILA - Laboratory of Interactions Ligand-Actinide
DMRC - Département de recherche sur les procédés pour la mine et le recyclage du combustible : DEN/DMRC
Abstract : Coordination of nitrate anions with lanthanoid cations (Ln3+) in water, methanol and octanol-1 has been studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations with explicit polarization. Potential of mean force (PMF) profiles have been calculated for a mono-complex of lanthanoid nitrate (Ln(NO3)2+) in these solvents using umbrella-sampling molecular dynamics. In pure water, no difference in the nitrato coordination to lanthanoids (Nd3+, Eu3+ and Dy3+) is observed, i.e. the nitrate anion prefers the monodentate coordination, which promotes the salt dissociation. Then, the influence of the nature of the solvating molecules on the nitrato coordination to Eu3+ has been investigated. PMF profiles point out that both monodenate and bidentate coordinations are stable in neat methanol, while in neat octanol, only the bidentate one is. MD simulations of Eu(NO3)3 in water–octanol mixtures with different concentrations of water have been then performed and confirm the importance of the water molecules' presence on the nitrate ion's coordination mode.
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Magali Duvail, Philippe Guilbaud. Understanding the nitrate coordination to Eu3+ ions in solution by potential of mean force calculations. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011, 13 (13), pp.5840-5847. ⟨10.1039/c0cp02535f⟩. ⟨cea-03326157⟩



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