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Measurement of cumulative photofission yields of $^{235}$U and $^{238}$U with a 16 MeV Bremsstrahlung photon beam

Manon Delarue 1, * E. Simon 1 B. Pérot 1 P.G. Allinei 1 N. Estre 1 E. Payan 1 D. Eck 1 D. Tisseur 2 Isabelle Espagnon 3 J. Collot 4
* Corresponding author
1 LMN - Laboratoire de Mesures Nucléaires
SMTA - Service Mesures et modélisation des Transferts et des Accidents graves : DEN/DTN
2 LDCI - Laboratoire de Dosimétrie, de Contrôle-commande et Instrumentation
SPESI - Service Physique EXpérimentale, d'essais en Sûreté et d'Instrumentation : DEN/DER
3 LS2D - Laboratoire Sciences des Données et de la Décision
DM2I - Département Métrologie Instrumentation & Information : DRT/LIST/DM2I
Abstract : In the frame of a long-term research program on the characterization of large radioactive waste packages by photofission, the Nuclear Measurement Laboratory of CEA IRESNE, France, has measured cumulative photofission yields of $^{235}$U and $^{238}$U short-lived and long-lived fission products by using a Bremsstrahlung photon beam produced by a 16 MeV electron linear accelerator (LINAC). To this aim, a characterization of the Bremsstrahlung photon beam has been carried out by photon activation analysis with different samples of gold, nickel, uranium and zirconium. The residual neutron flux exiting the LINAC head (lead collimator, borated polyethylene and cadmium shield) has also been characterized by neutron activation analysis with indium samples to estimate the contribution of photoneutron fissions in the uranium samples used to assess the photofission yields. Finally 49 fission product yields are reported for $^{238}$U and 26 for $^{235}$U, with half-lives ranging from 64 s to more than 3 days, some of them not recorded so far in the literature Some photofission products cumulative yields show significant differences between $^{235}$U and $^{238}$U, which confirms the possibility of an isotopic discrimination method based on delayed gamma-ray ratios analysis for radioactive waste characterization
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 7:00:08 PM
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Manon Delarue, E. Simon, B. Pérot, P.G. Allinei, N. Estre, et al.. Measurement of cumulative photofission yields of $^{235}$U and $^{238}$U with a 16 MeV Bremsstrahlung photon beam. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2021, 1011, pp.165598. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2021.165598⟩. ⟨cea-03276202⟩

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