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Journal Articles Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A Year : 2021

Creep properties of 9Cr and 14Cr ODS tubes tested by inner gas pressure

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Abstract

Oxide-dispersion strengthened steels are promising materials for extreme service conditions including nuclear reactors core. In service conditions, nuclear fuel claddings are exposed to the fission gas pressure at temperatures about 700 °C. This paper presents novel results on ODS creep properties from a round robin of inner gas pressure creep test. A gas pressure creep test, simulating fission gas loading, was designed and achieved by four different European teams. Lifetime and specific behavior of ODS steel tube are prospected. Based on a mechanical clamping achieving gas tightness, short length tubes samples are tested by different laboratories. In situ laser measurements exhibit the radial expansion of ODS steel tubes before failure. Post-mortem, geometrical characterizations are performed to determine hoop strains at failure. A consistent creep lifetime is observed by all the teams even with slightly different testing apparatus and clamping systems. Under inner gas pressure, ODS steels exhibit a typical failure by leakage associated to a very small radial expansion. This behavior results from a brutal failure (burst) without evidence of tertiary creep stage. This failure mode of ODS cladding in creep conditions is consistently observed on all samples of the study. Inner gas pressure creep tests were compared, for the first time, by four European laboratories on ODS steel tube. This technique, simulating the fission gas pressure loading, is applied on small and mechanically clamped samples. This technique shows a remarkable consistency between the different laboratories results and demonstrates to be efficient for ODS steel cladding tube qualification. The results show a correlation between the creep properties and the microstructure.
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Dates and versions

cea-03263217 , version 1 (17-06-2021)

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Denis L Sornin, Ulla Ehrnstén, Nathanaël Mozzani, Juhani Rantala, Mario Walter, et al.. Creep properties of 9Cr and 14Cr ODS tubes tested by inner gas pressure. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-021-06327-0. ⟨10.1007/s11661-021-06327-0⟩. ⟨cea-03263217⟩
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