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Journal Articles Nuclear Materials and Energy Year : 2021

Thermal loads in gaps between ITER divertor monoblocks: first lessons learnt from WEST

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Abstract

In the WEST tokamak, ITER-like divertor targets consisting of tungsten monoblocks bonded via an OHFC-Cu compliance layer to CuCrZr cooling tubes were exposed to plasma during the 2018 experimental campaign in which modest heating power was available. Up to 2.5 MW/m$^2$ divertor surface heat flux was attained. Inspection of the components after the campaign revealed a wide variety of damage at both leading and trailing monoblock edges, and at the optical hot spots which are the projections along magnetic field lines of the toroidal gaps between monoblocks onto the poloidal leading edges. Cracking, deformation, and melting occurred. Consideration of the large body of past work on high heat flux testing, combined with the expected loading conditions in WEST, suggests that fractures form during the first transient events such as disruptions. Deformation occurs under subsequent exposure to steady state heat loads. Nearly identical damage was observed on reciprocating probes made of W-La(10%) alloy under measured irradiation conditions, lending credence to this hypothesis.
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Dates and versions

cea-03202595 , version 1 (20-04-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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  • HAL Id : cea-03202595 , version 1

Cite

J.P. Gunn, J. Bucalossi, Y. Corre, M. Diez, E. Delmas, et al.. Thermal loads in gaps between ITER divertor monoblocks: first lessons learnt from WEST. Nuclear Materials and Energy, 2021, 27, pp.100920. ⟨cea-03202595⟩
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