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Effect of aging heat treatment at 400-600°C on the microstructure and tensile properties of 15Cr-15Ni Ti-stabilized steel cladding

Emilien Curtet Patrick Olier 1 Arnaud Courcelle 2 Matthew Bono 3 Bouzid Kedjar Ludovic Thilly
1 LTMEx - Laboratoire des Technologies des Matériaux EXtrêmes
SRMA - Service des Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées : DEN/DMN/SRMA
2 LM2E - Laboratoire de Microscopie et d'Etudes de l'Endommagement
SEMI - Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés : DEN/DMN/SEMI
3 LCMI - Laboratoire de Comportement Mécanique des Matériaux Irradiés
SEMI - Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés : DEN/DMN/SEMI
Abstract : This study investigates the effect of thermal aging on the microstructure and tensile properties of a 15-15Ti austenitic stainless steel in the baseline operating conditions of a sodium fast reactor, in the range between 400°C and 600°C. Samples that were aged at up to 600°C for 1000 hours exhibit no evidence of material recovery. Thus, after aging heat treatments, micro-hardness measurements do not decrease, and TEM analyses do not show any modification of the dislocation network. However, TEM examinations have indicated a new threshold for the precipitation of nanometric titanium carbides after an isothermal treatment at 500°C for about 5000 hours. Concerning the tensile properties, the aged states present a gain both in strength and in ductility compared to the initial cold-worked state. The large gain in ductility is observed for all of the temperatures tested (between 20°C and 400°C) and occurs concomitantly with an increase in the strain hardening rate of the material. One plausible hypothesis to explain this improvement of the mechanical behaviour relies on the nanometric titanium carbides formed during the aging process. These precipitates could act as obstacles that impede the motion of existing dislocations, thereby contributing an additional strain hardening mechanism, which would lead to greater strength and also delay the onset of strain localization.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 26, 2021 - 4:19:37 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 3:38:09 AM

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Emilien Curtet, Patrick Olier, Arnaud Courcelle, Matthew Bono, Bouzid Kedjar, et al.. Effect of aging heat treatment at 400-600°C on the microstructure and tensile properties of 15Cr-15Ni Ti-stabilized steel cladding. Materials Science Forum, Trans Tech Publications Inc., 2021, 1016, pp.doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.1016.1071. ⟨10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.1016.1071⟩. ⟨cea-03182820⟩

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