WEST operation with real time feed back control based on wall component temperature toward machine protection in a steady state tungsten environment - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Fusion Engineering and Design Year : 2021

WEST operation with real time feed back control based on wall component temperature toward machine protection in a steady state tungsten environment

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Abstract

A real time Wall Monitoring System (WMS) is used on the WEST tokamak during the C4 experimental campaign. The WMS uses the wall surface temperatures from 6 fields of view of the Infrared viewing system. It extracts the raw digital data from selected areas, converts it to temperatures using the calibration and write it on the shared memory network being used by the Plasma Control System (PCS). The PCS feeds back to actuators, namely the injected power from 5 antennae's of the lower hybrid and ion cyclotron resonance radiofrequency (RF) heating systems. WMS activates feed back control 63 times during C4, which is 14% of the plasma discharges. It activates mainly as the result of a direct RF loss to the upper divertor pipes. The feedback control maintains the wall temperature within the operation envelope during 97% of the occurrences, while enabling plasma discharge continuation. The false positive rate establishes at 0.2%. WMS significantly facilitated the operation path to high power operation during C4, by managing the technical risks to critical wall components.
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Dates and versions

cea-03096742 , version 1 (05-01-2021)

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Raphaël Mitteau, Chakib Belaldil, Colette Balorin, Xavier Courtois, Victor Moncada, et al.. WEST operation with real time feed back control based on wall component temperature toward machine protection in a steady state tungsten environment. Fusion Engineering and Design, In press. ⟨cea-03096742⟩
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