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WEST operation with real time feed back control based on wall component temperature toward machine protection in a steady state tungsten environment

Abstract : A real time Wall Monitoring System (WMS) is used on the WEST tokamak during the C4 experimental campaign. The WMS uses the wall surface temperatures from 6 fields of view of the Infrared viewing system. It extracts the raw digital data from selected areas, converts it to temperatures using the calibration and write it on the shared memory network being used by the Plasma Control System (PCS). The PCS feeds back to actuators, namely the injected power from 5 antennae's of the lower hybrid and ion cyclotron resonance radiofrequency (RF) heating systems. WMS activates feed back control 63 times during C4, which is 14% of the plasma discharges. It activates mainly as the result of a direct RF loss to the upper divertor pipes. The feedback control maintains the wall temperature within the operation envelope during 97% of the occurrences, while enabling plasma discharge continuation. The false positive rate establishes at 0.2%. WMS significantly facilitated the operation path to high power operation during C4, by managing the technical risks to critical wall components.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-03096742
Contributor : Raphael Mitteau <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 10:03:24 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 3:14:34 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 9:34:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : cea-03096742, version 1
  • ARXIV : 2101.01914

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Raphaël Mitteau, Chakib Belaldil, Colette Balorin, Xavier Courtois, Victor Moncada, et al.. WEST operation with real time feed back control based on wall component temperature toward machine protection in a steady state tungsten environment. Fusion Engineering and Design, Elsevier, In press. ⟨cea-03096742⟩

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