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Screw dislocation core structure in the paramagnetic state of bcc iron from first-principles calculations

Abstract : Iron-based alloys are widely used as structural components in engineering applications. This calls for a fundamental understanding of their mechanical properties, including those of pure iron. Under operational temperatures the mechanical and magnetic properties will differ from those of ferromagnetic body-centered-cubic iron at 0 K. In this theoretical work we study the effect of disordered magnetism on the screw dislocationcore structure and compare with results for the ordered ferromagnetic case. Dislocation cores control some localproperties such as the choice of glide plane and the associated dislocation mobility. Changes in the magnetic state can lead to modifications in the structure of the core and affect dislocation mobility. In particular, we focus on the core properties of the 1/2<111> screw dislocation in the paramagnetic state. Using the noncollinear disordered local moment approximation to address paramagnetism, we perform structural relaxations within density functional theory. We obtain the dislocation core structure for the easy and hard cores in the paramagnetic state, and compare them with their ferromagnetic counterparts. By averaging the energy of several disordered magnetic configurations, we obtain an energy difference between the easy- and hard-core configurations, with a lower, but statistically close, value than the one reported for the ferromagnetic case. The magnetic moment and atomic volume at the dislocation core differ between paramagnetic and ferromagnetic states, with possible consequences on the temperature dependence of defect-dislocation interactions.
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Luis Casillas-Trujillo, David Gambino, Lisa Ventelon, Björn Alling. Screw dislocation core structure in the paramagnetic state of bcc iron from first-principles calculations. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, American Physical Society, 2020, 102, pp.094420. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.102.094420⟩. ⟨cea-02985556⟩

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