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Shear measurement bias: I. Dependencies on methods, simulation parameters, and measured parameters

Abstract : We present a study of the dependencies of shear bias on simulation (input) and measured (output) parameters, noise, point-spread function anisotropy, pixel size, and the model bias coming from two different and independent galaxy shape estimators. We used simulated images from GALSIM based on the GREAT3 control-space-constant branch, and we measured shear bias from a model-fitting method (GFIT) and a moment-based method (Kaiser-Squires-Broadhurst). We show the bias dependencies found on input and output parameters for both methods, and we identify the main dependencies and causes. Most of the results are consistent between the two estimators, an interesting result given the differences of the methods. We also find important dependences on orientation and morphology properties such as flux, size, and ellipticity. We show that noise and pixelization play an important role in the bias dependencies on the output properties and galaxy orientation. We show some examples of model bias that produce a bias dependence on the Sérsic index n as well as a different shear bias between galaxies consisting of a single Sérsic profile and galaxies with a disc and a bulge. We also see an important coupling between several properties on the bias dependences. Because of this, we need to study several measured properties simultaneously in order to properly understand the nature of shear bias. This paper serves as a first step towards a companion paper that describes a machine learning approach to modelling shear bias as a complex function of many observed properties.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 10:05:38 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 10, 2020 - 3:25:47 AM

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Arnau Pujol, Florent Sureau, Jerome Bobin, Frederic Courbin, Marc Gentile, et al.. Shear measurement bias: I. Dependencies on methods, simulation parameters, and measured parameters. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2020, 641, pp.A164. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202038657⟩. ⟨cea-02949701⟩

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