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Fluctuations in Polymer Translocation

Abstract : We investigate a model of chaperone-assisted polymer translocation through a nanopore in a membrane. Translocation is driven by irreversible random sequential absorption of chaperone proteins that bind to the polymer on one side of the membrane. The proteins are larger than the pore and hence the backward motion of the polymer is inhibited. This mechanism rectifies Brownian fluctuations and results in an effective force that drags the polymer in a preferred direction. The translocated polymer undergoes an effective biased random walk and we compute the corresponding diffusion constant. Our methods allow us to determine the large deviation function which, in addition to velocity and diffusion constant, contains the entire statistics of the translocated length.
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P. L. Krapivsky, K. Mallick. Fluctuations in Polymer Translocation. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, IOP Publishing, 2010, 2010 (07), pp.P07007. ⟨10.1088/1742-5468/2010/07/P07007⟩. ⟨cea-02924614⟩



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