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OSTE+ for in-situ SAXS Analysis with Droplet Microfluidic Devices

Abstract : In recent years, microfluidic-based sample preparation techniques have emerged as a powerful tool for measurements at large scale X-ray facilities. Most often the microfluidic device was a form of hybrid system, i.e. an assembly of different materials, because a simple, versatile and inexpensive microfabrication method, on the one hand, and X-ray compatibility, on the other hand, cannot generally be achieved by the same material. The arrival of a new polymer family based on Off-Stoichiometric Thiol-Ene-epoxy (OSTE+) has recently redistributed the cards. In this context, we studied the relevance and the compatibility of OSTE+ for small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies. The material was characterized regarding its X-ray properties (transmission coefficient, attenuation coefficient, scattering pattern and polymer aging under X-ray light) and their comparison with those of the usual polymers used in microfluidics and/or for synchrotron radiation experiments. We show that OSTE+ has a better SAXS signal than polyimide, the polymer of reference in the SAXS community. Then a detailed protocol to manufacture a suitably thin full OSTE+ chip (total thickness <500 µm) is described and the potency of full OSTE+ devices for in-situ SAXS studies is highlighted in two case-studies: the characterization of gold nanoparticles and the precipitation of cerium oxalate particles, both in moving droplets. Additionally, a method to analyze the scattering signals from droplet and carrier phase in a segmented flow is proposed.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 2:59:38 PM
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Tobias Lange, Sophie Charton, Thomas Bizien, Fabienne Testard, Florent Malloggi. OSTE+ for in-situ SAXS Analysis with Droplet Microfluidic Devices. Lab on a Chip, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2020, 20, pp.2990-3000. ⟨10.1039/D0LC00454E⟩. ⟨cea-02893732⟩

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