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Crystalline and electronic structure of Pu–Ce and Pu–Ce–Ga alloys stabilized in the δ phase

Abstract : In the actinides series (which corresponds to the progressive filling of the 5f sub-shell), plutonium lies at the changeover for the behavior of the 5f electrons between the light actinides (up to Np) with delocalized 5f states, and the heavy actinides (from Am on) with localized 5f states. At this boundary, the expanded δ-phase exhibits an intermediate and thus controversial behavior of its 5f electrons. This high temperature δ-phase can be stabilized at and below room temperature by alloying with so-called deltagen solutes Ga, Al, Ce and Am. In this work, some Pu–Ce and Pu–Ce–Ga alloys were studied using several techniques (dilatometry, X-ray diffraction (XRD), extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS), electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility). It is found that the mechanism of δ-Pu stabilization is far from straightforward as both Pu 5f and Ce 4f electronic states are involved, inducing complex crystalline organization while no clear localization of the 5f states can be deduced from experimental results. Ternary Pu–Ce–Ga alloys show cooperative deltagen effects of Ce and Ga.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 10, 2022 - 4:07:24 PM
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Marion Dormeval, Nathalie Baclet, C. Valot, P. Rofidal, Jean Marc Fournier. Crystalline and electronic structure of Pu–Ce and Pu–Ce–Ga alloys stabilized in the δ phase. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Elsevier, 2003, ⟨10.1016/S0925-8388(02)00997-0⟩. ⟨cea-02868588⟩



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