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Potential of spectrocolorimetry to trace sediment sources in coastal catchments draining the main Fukushima radioactive pollution plume (2011-2018)

Abstract : Spectrocolorimetric properties provide a quick, low-cost and non-destructive alternative to the measurement of geochemical and organic matter parameters. Their potential to discriminate between forest, cultivated and subsoil sources was tested in soils and sediment collected in coastal catchments draining the main radioactive pollution plume of Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Fifteen spectrocolorimetric properties were determined in potential source (n=37) and sediment (n=400) samples collected during 13 campaigns from 2011-2017 in two catchments (covering a total surface area of 450 km$^2$) draining the main radioactive pollution plume. Potential sources included topsoil from forest and cropland sources along with subsoil material originating from landslides, channel banks and the decontamination of cultivated areas. The optimum set of parameters used in the mixed linear model to calculate the sediment source contributions was obtained through the use of a range test, the Kruskal-Wallis H-test, and a linear discriminant analysis. Nine colour parameters correctly classified 100% of the source samples (forest, subsoil and cultivated sources). The results illustrate that cultivated landscapes were the main source of sediment to these river systems (mean 56%, SD 34%) followed by subsoil (mean 26%, SD 16%) and forest sources (mean 21%, SD 24%). However, these contributions strongly varied over time, with a peak of subsoil contributions (mean 57%, SD 17%) in Fall 2015, coinciding with the occurrence of a typhoon after the remediation works. These original results demonstrate that spectrocolorimetric measurements provide a powerful tool for the monitoring of the effectiveness of remediation works in this post-accidental context.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02667246
Contributor : Olivier Evrard <>
Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 10:21:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 6, 2020 - 4:32:26 PM

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Olivier Evrard, Roxanne Durand, Anthony Foucher, Tales Tiecher, Virginie Sellier, et al.. Potential of spectrocolorimetry to trace sediment sources in coastal catchments draining the main Fukushima radioactive pollution plume (2011-2018). EGU General Assembly 2019, Apr 2019, Vienne, Austria. pp.EGU2019-7999. ⟨cea-02667246⟩

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