Assessment of the genotoxicity of $^{137}$Cs radiation using Vicia-micronucleus, Tradescantia-micronucleus and Tradescantia-stamen-hair mutation bioassays - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Environmental Radioactivity Year : 2005

Assessment of the genotoxicity of $^{137}$Cs radiation using Vicia-micronucleus, Tradescantia-micronucleus and Tradescantia-stamen-hair mutation bioassays

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Abstract

ince the middle of the 20th century, ionizing radiations from radioactive isotopes including Cs-137 have been investigated to determine their genotoxic impact on living organisms. The present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of three plant bioassays to assess DNA damage induced by low doses of Cs-137: Vicia-micronucleus test (Vicia-MCN), Tradescantia-micronucleus test (Trad-MCN) and Tradescantia-stamen-hair mutation test (Trad-SH) were used. Vicia faba (broad bean) and Tradescantia clone 4430 (spiderwort) were exposed to Cs-137 according to different scenarios: external and internal (contamination) irradiations. Experiments were conducted with various levels of radioactivity in solution or in soil, using solid or liquid Cs-137 sources. The three bioassays showed different sensitivities to the treatments. Trad-MCN appeared to be the most sensitive test (significative response from 1.5 kBq/200 ml after 30 h of contamination). Moreover, at comparable doses, internal irradiations led to larger effects for the three bioassays. These bioassays are effective tests for assessing the genotoxic effects of radioactive Cs-137 pollution.

Dates and versions

cea-02639982 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

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Marion Minouflet, Sophie Ayrault, Pierre-Marie Badot, Sylvie Cotelle, Jean-François Ferard. Assessment of the genotoxicity of $^{137}$Cs radiation using Vicia-micronucleus, Tradescantia-micronucleus and Tradescantia-stamen-hair mutation bioassays. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 2005, 81 (2-3), pp.143-153. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvrad.2005.01.003⟩. ⟨cea-02639982⟩
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