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Evolution of radioactive dose rates in fresh sediment deposits along coastal rivers draining Fukushima contamination plume

O. Evrard 1, 2 Caroline Chartin 1, 2 Yuichi Onda 3 Jérémy Patin 3 Hugo Lepage 1, 2 Irène Lefevre 1, 2 Sophie Ayrault 1, 2 Catherine Ottle 1, 4 Philippe Bonté 1, 2
2 GEDI - Géochimie Des Impacts
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
4 MOSAIC - Modélisation des Surfaces et Interfaces Continentales
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
Abstract : Measurement of radioactive dose rates in fine sediment that has recently deposited on channel bed-sand provides a solution to address the lack of continuous river monitoring in Fukushima Prefecture after Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) accident. We show that coastal rivers of Eastern Fukushima Prefecture were rapidly supplied with sediment contaminated by radionuclides originating from inland mountain ranges, and that this contaminated material was partly exported by typhoons to the coastal plains as soon as by November 2011. This export was amplified during snowmelt and typhoons in 2012. In 2013, contamination levels measured in sediment found in the upper parts of the catchments were almost systematically lower than the ones measured in nearby soils, whereas their contamination was higher in the coastal plains. We thereby suggest that storage of contaminated sediment in reservoirs and in coastal sections of the river channels now represents the most crucial issue.
Keywords : Panoply
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O. Evrard, Caroline Chartin, Yuichi Onda, Jérémy Patin, Hugo Lepage, et al.. Evolution of radioactive dose rates in fresh sediment deposits along coastal rivers draining Fukushima contamination plume. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2013, 3 (1), ⟨10.1038/srep03079⟩. ⟨cea-02615651⟩

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