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Glucose availability dictates the export of the soluble and prion forms of Sup35p via periplasmic or extracellular vesicles

Mehdi Kabani 1, * Marion Pilard 1 Ronald Melki 1
* Corresponding author
1 LMN - Laboratoire des Maladies Neurodégénératives - UMR 9199
MIRCEN - Service MIRCEN : DRF/JACOB, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR 9199
Abstract : The yeast [PSI$^+$] prion originates from the self‐perpetuating transmissible aggregates of the translation termination factor Sup35p. We previously showed that infectious Sup35p particles are exported outside the cells via extracellular vesicles (EV). This finding suggested a function for EV in the vertical and horizontal transmission of yeast prions. Here we report a significant export of Sup35p within periplasmic vesicles (PV) upon glucose starvation. We show that PV are up to three orders of magnitude more abundant than EV. However, PV and EV are different in terms of size and protein content, and their export is oppositely regulated by glucose availability in the growth medium. Overall, our work suggests that the export of prion particles to both the periplasm and the extracellular space needs to be considered to address the physiological consequences of vesicle‐mediated yeast prions trafficking.
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Mehdi Kabani, Marion Pilard, Ronald Melki. Glucose availability dictates the export of the soluble and prion forms of Sup35p via periplasmic or extracellular vesicles. Molecular Microbiology, Wiley, 2020, 114, pp.322 - 332. ⟨10.1111/mmi.14515⟩. ⟨cea-02556526⟩

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