Computation of Bias on Measured $\alpha_p$ by Monte-Carlo Simulation - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year :

Computation of Bias on Measured $\alpha_p$ by Monte-Carlo Simulation

(1, 2) , (1, 2)
1
2

Abstract

Controlling the reactivity of a nuclear reactor requires the knowledge of its kinetic parameters. Even though they can be computed by neutronic codes, they often have to be measured to finish the commissioning of a new installation. Amongst the list of kinetic parameters, we are specifically interested in the prompt-decay constant ($\alpha_p$). In practice, the presence of a reflector generates a decay constant, which will differ from core's $\alpha_p$ , and that might disturb the measurement of the whole set of kinetic parameters. Such a behaviour is a drawback for experimentalists since neutron detectors are usually located in non-fissile areas. The aim of the study is to give numerical estimates of the bias that can come out when measuring kinetic parameters of a light-water nuclear reactor. The work is based on on time-impulse techniques to derive kinetic parameters from the flux decay of the system. The impact of the detector position, as well as the reactivity level have been studied in a concurrent way. As an example, it was shown that $\alpha_p$ could be underestimated by a factor ranging from 8 to 12 % in a case of a sub-criticality of −3600 pcm, if the detector was located in the core or the reflector, respectively.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
201700003816.pdf (664.34 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

cea-02555090 , version 1 (27-04-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : cea-02555090 , version 1

Cite

R. Boffy, C. Jammes. Computation of Bias on Measured $\alpha_p$ by Monte-Carlo Simulation. 2020. ⟨cea-02555090⟩
23 View
42 Download

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More