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Comparative effect of alkaline elements and calcium on alteration of International Simple Glass

Héléne Arena 1, 2, * Diane Rebiscoul 3, 1 Emmanuelle Garcès 2 Nicole Godon 2, *
* Corresponding author
1 LNER - Nanomatériaux pour l'Energie et le Recyclage
ICSM - UMR 5257 - Institut de Chimie Séparative de Marcoule
2 LCLT - Laboratoire d'Etudes du Comportement à Long Terme des matériaux de conditionnement
DE2D - Département de recherche sur les technologies pour l'enrichissement, le démantèlement et les déchets : DEN/DE2D
Abstract : In the concept of deep geological repository for High Level Wastes, the chemical elements present in the media are expected to impact the long-term behavior of the glass. The effects of Ca, K, and Cs on International Simple Glass glass alteration are compared through long-term experiments (180–500 days). These elements limit glass alteration by their incorporation into the gel layer. The limiting mechanisms driving glass alteration appear to be mainly diffusive, at least during the first six months. The three cations are not equally efficient in limiting glass alteration: the effects of Ca are stronger than those of Cs and K. Multi-element experiments show that the effects of these elements are additive and proportional to the quantity of each element incorporated. When they play the role of charge compensator in the gel network, their incorporation is competitive and follows the order Ca≫Cs > K. In addition,when Ca is added to the solution in excess, the quantity of elements incorporated into the gel layer is higher than the amount required for charge compensation. The incorporation of Ca in the gel nanopores as calcium carbonate could explain this phenomenon. These processes could slow the transport phenomena through the gel and enhance its protective properties.
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Héléne Arena, Diane Rebiscoul, Emmanuelle Garcès, Nicole Godon. Comparative effect of alkaline elements and calcium on alteration of International Simple Glass. npj Materials Degradation, Nature Research 2019, 3 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41529-019-0072-7⟩. ⟨cea-02534880⟩

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