Actinide Oxidation State and O/M Ratio in Hypostoichiometric Uranium–Plutonium–Americium U$_{0.750}$Pu$_{0.246}$Am$_{0.004}$O$_{2-x}$ Mixed Oxides - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Inorganic Chemistry Year : 2016

Actinide Oxidation State and O/M Ratio in Hypostoichiometric Uranium–Plutonium–Americium U$_{0.750}$Pu$_{0.246}$Am$_{0.004}$O$_{2-x}$ Mixed Oxides

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Abstract

Innovative americium-bearing uranium–plutonium mixed oxides U$_{1–y}$Pu$_y$O$_{2–x}$ are envisioned as nuclear fuel for sodium-cooled fast neutron reactors (SFRs). The oxygen-to-metal (O/M) ratio, directly related to the oxidation state of cations, affects many of the fuel properties. Thus, a thorough knowledge of its variation with the sintering conditions is essential. The aim of this work is to follow the oxidation state of uranium, plutonium, and americium, and so the O/M ratio, in U$_{0.750}$Pu$_{0.246}$Am$_{0.004}$O$_{2-x}$ samples sintered for 4 h at 2023 K in various Ar + 5% H$_2$ + z vpm H$_2$O (z = ∼15, ∼90, and ∼200) gas mixtures. The O/M ratios were determined by gravimetry, XAS, and XRD and evidenced a partial oxidation of the samples at room temperature. Finally, by comparing XANES and EXAFS results to that of a previous study, we demonstrate that the presence of uranium does not influence the interactions between americium and plutonium and that the differences in the O/M ratio between the investigated conditions is controlled by the reduction of plutonium. We also discuss the role of the homogeneity of cation distribution, as determined by EPMA, on the mechanisms involved in the reduction process.
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cea-02528980 , version 1 (02-04-2020)

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Romain Vauchy, Renaud C. Belin, Anne-Charlotte Robisson, Florent Lebreton, Laurence Aufore, et al.. Actinide Oxidation State and O/M Ratio in Hypostoichiometric Uranium–Plutonium–Americium U$_{0.750}$Pu$_{0.246}$Am$_{0.004}$O$_{2-x}$ Mixed Oxides. Inorganic Chemistry, 2016, 55 (5), pp.2123-2132. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02533⟩. ⟨cea-02528980⟩
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