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Experimental investigation and thermodynamic modelling of the in-vessel corium for severe accident studies in PWR reactors

Abstract : During a severe accident in a PWR reactor, the oxide nuclear fuel (UO2 or MOX) reacts at high temperature with the zirconium alloy clad and the steel vessel to form a partially or fully molten mixture so-called in-vessel corium . In such a case, the corium forms a pool in the bottom of the vessel, constituted of two liquid phases, metallic and oxide. The formation of such a configuration of the corium pool is due to the existence of a miscibility gap in the liquid state. The fractions and compositions of these liquid phases have to be well known in order to model the thermal hydraulic properties of the pool. The aim of the present work is to investigate experimentally the thermodynamic properties of the U-Zr-O-Fe system representative for the in-vessel corium to improve the thermodynamic modelling using the Calphad method. Laser heating techniques as well as heat treatments are used to measure solid/liquid transition temperatures and to highlight the miscibility gap in the liquid state. Experimental data are used to assess the thermodynamic properties of this key system. Both experimental and theoretical results will be presented.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 17, 2020 - 10:04:44 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 9:28:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : cea-02509663, version 1

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A. Quaini, C. Gueneau, S. Gossé, T. Alpettaz, E. Lizon a Lugrin, et al.. Experimental investigation and thermodynamic modelling of the in-vessel corium for severe accident studies in PWR reactors. NuFuel and MMSNF 2015, Nov 2015, Karlsruhe, Germany. ⟨cea-02509663⟩

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