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A new Monte Carlo method for neutron noise calculations in the frequency domain

Abstract : Neutron noise equations, which are obtained by assuming small perturbations of macroscopic cross sections around a steady-state neutron field and by subsequently taking the Fourier transform in the frequency domain, have been usually solved by analytical techniques or by resorting to diffusion theory. A stochastic approach has been recently proposed in the literature by using particles with complex-valued weights and by applying a weight cancellation technique. We develop a new Monte Carlo algorithm that solves the transport neutron noise equations in the frequency domain. The stochastic method presented here relies on a modified collision operator and does not need any weight cancellation technique. In this paper, both Monte Carlo methods are compared with deterministic methods (diffusion in a slab geometry and transport in a simplified rod model) for several noise frequencies and for isotropic and anisotropic noise sources. Our stochastic method shows better performances in the frequency region of interest and is easier to implement because it relies upon the conventional algorithm for fixed-source problems.
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Amélie Rouchon, Andrea Zoia, Richard Sanchez. A new Monte Carlo method for neutron noise calculations in the frequency domain. Annals of Nuclear Energy, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 102, pp.465-475. ⟨10.1016/j.anucene.2016.11.035⟩. ⟨cea-02501284⟩

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