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Multiscale simulation of microcrack nucleation induced by slip localization at the surface of polycrystals

Abstract : Crack initiation along surface persistent slip bands (PSBs) has been widely observed and modelled. Nevertheless, from our knowledge, no physically-based fracture modelling has been proposed and validated with respect to the numerous recent experimental data showing the strong relationship between extrusion and microcrack initiation. The whole FE modelling accounts for- localized plastic slip in PSBs;- production and annihilation of vacancies induced by cyclic slip. If temperature is high enough, point defects may diffuse in the surrounding matrix due to large concentration gradients, allowing continuous extrusion growth in agreement with Polak's model. At each cycle, the additional atoms diffusing from the matrix are taken into account by imposing an incremental free dilatation;- brittle fracture at the interfaces between PSBs and their surrounding matrix which is simulated using cohesive zone modelling.Any inverse fitting of parameter is avoided. Only experimental single crystal data are used such as hysteresis loops and resistivity values. Two fracture parameters are required the {111} surface energy which depends on environment and the cleavage stress which is predicted by the universal binding energy relationship. The predicted extrusion growth curves agree rather well with the experimental data published for copper and the 316L steel. A linear dependence with respect to PSB length, thickness and slip plane angle is predicted in agreement with recent AFM measurement results. Crack initiation simulations predict fairly well the effects of PSB length and environment for copper single and poly- crystals.
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  • HAL Id : cea-02492570, version 1

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M. Sauzay, J. Liu. Multiscale simulation of microcrack nucleation induced by slip localization at the surface of polycrystals. Journées de Printemps de la SF2M, May 2015, Paris, France. ⟨cea-02492570⟩

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