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Protein Corona Composition of Silica Nanoparticles in Complex Media: Nanoparticle Size does not Matter

Abstract : Biomolecules, and particularly proteins, bind on nanoparticle (NP) surfaces to form the so-called protein corona. It is accepted that the corona drives the biological distribution and toxicity of NPs. Here, the corona composition and structure were studied using silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) of different sizes interacting with soluble yeast protein extracts. Adsorption isotherms showed that the amount of adsorbed proteins varied greatly upon NP size with large NPs having more adsorbed proteins per surface unit. The protein corona composition was studied using a large-scale label-free proteomic approach, combined with statistical and regression analyses. Most of the proteins adsorbed on the NPs were the same, regardless of the size of the NPs. To go beyond, the protein physicochemical parameters relevant for the adsorption were studied: electrostatic interactions and disordered regions are the main driving forces for the adsorption on SiNPs but polypeptide sequence length seems to be an important factor as well. This article demonstrates that curvature effects exhibited using model proteins are not determining factors for the corona composition on SiNPs, when dealing with complex biological media.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 4, 2020 - 6:39:29 PM
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Laurent Marichal, Géraldine Klein, Jean Armengaud, Yves Boulard, Stéphane Chédin, et al.. Protein Corona Composition of Silica Nanoparticles in Complex Media: Nanoparticle Size does not Matter. Nanomaterials, MDPI, 2020, 10 (2), pp.240. ⟨10.3390/nano10020240⟩. ⟨cea-02467087⟩

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