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Who is eating fructose within the Aedes albopictus gut microbiota?

Abstract : The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus is a major public health concern because of its invasive success and its ability to transmit pathogens. Given the low availability of treatments against mosquito-borne dis- eases, vector control remains the most suitable strat- egy. The methods used thus far are becoming less effective, but recent strategies have emerged from the study of mosquito-associated microorganisms. Although the role of the microbiota in insect biology does not require further proof, much remains to be deciphered in mosquitoes, especially the contribution of the microbiota to host nutrient metabolism. Mosqui- toes feed on plant nectar, composed of mostly fruc- tose. We used stable isotope probing to identify bacteria and fungi assimilating fructose within the gut of Ae. albopictus. Mosquitoes were fed a 13C-labelled fructose solution for 24 h. Differences in the active microbial community according to the sex of mosqui- toes were highlighted. The bacterium Lelliottia and the fungi Cladosporium and Aspergillus dominated the active microbiota in males, whereas the bacterium Ampullimonas and the yeast Cyberlindnera were the most active in females. This study is the first to investi- gate trophic interactions between Ae. albopictus and its microbiota, thus underscoring the importance of the microbial component in nectar feeding in mosquitoes.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02459842
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 4:23:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 16, 2020 - 5:06:39 PM

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Morgane Guégan, Van van Tran, Edwige Martin, Guillaume Minard, Florence Hélène Tran, et al.. Who is eating fructose within the Aedes albopictus gut microbiota?. Environmental Microbiology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2020, 22 (4), pp.1193-1206. ⟨10.1111/1462-2920.14915⟩. ⟨cea-02459842⟩

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