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Development of electro-magnetic pump for the astrid sodium-cooled fast reactor

Abstract : In the framework of the SFR (Sodium Fast Reactor) prototype called ASTRID (Advance Sodium Technological Reactor for Industrial Demonstration), the large capacity Electro-Magnetic Pumps (EMP) as main circulating pumps on the intermediate sodium circuits is applied instead of mechanical pumps by CEA. The use of EMP has several decisive technological merits compared with mechanical pump in the reactor design, operation and maintenance. Nevertheless, some theoretical and technological developments have to be carried out in order to validate the design tools which take Magneto Hydro Dynamic (MHD) phenomena into account and the applicability of the EMP to the steady state and transient operating conditions of ASTRID. For their developments, a collaboration agreement between the CEA and TOSHIBA Corporation came into force to carry out a joint work program on the EMP for ASTRID design and development. CEA carried out the theoretical analysis, and the EMP experimental model is constructed by CEA to support these theoretical developments. This model consists of a middle-size annular EMP for the liquid metal sodium. The various testing program using this model has been started in 2016.And, TOSHIBA carried out the examination of design specification for ASTRID, an electromagnetic design, a structural design and various analyses. The structure design has been examined the placement of the sodium boundary and the withstand pressure, etc. And, if the thicknesses of the structure increase for withstand pressure, the pump efficiency falls because the loss of the electromagnetic force increases. Therefore the balance of withstand pressure and the efficiency has been considered by an electromagnetism design. This paper describes the design studies and experimental activities for the EMP development within the framework of the CEA-TOSHIBA collaborations.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 3:14:15 PM
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T. Suzuki, R. Aizawa, S. Wakasaki, F. Dechelette, F. Benoit. Development of electro-magnetic pump for the astrid sodium-cooled fast reactor. ICAPP 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, Apr 2017, Fuiki and Kyoto, Japan. ⟨cea-02435101⟩

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