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Thermo- and photo- oxidation reaction scheme in a treatment system using submerged plasma

Abstract : Some of hazardous liquid organic wastes, radioactive or not, are waiting from outlet to be destroyed. The ELIPSE process is a new technology of organic liquid destruction, involving a thermal plasma working under a water column, which ensures the cooling, the filtration and the scrubbing of the gases coming from the degradation. This study deals with the ability of the ELIPSE process to destroy the pure organic liquids and then to reduce the amount of organic matter remaining in the aqueous solution by means of the thermal or radiative properties of plasma. Preliminary test have shown how efficient the process is for the destruction of the organic liquids when they are directly fed in the plasma hearth. Extensive researches have been performed to assess the ability of the submerged plasma to destroy the remaining organic matters either by reinjecting them with the aqueous solution into the plasma or by using the UV ray coming from the plasma itself. A comparison of the experimental results obtained with various mechanisms proposed by the work carried out highlighted that this UV radiation could, by excitation of water molecules, produce radicals OH which may either dimerise to produce hydrogen peroxide H$_2$O$_2$, or react with organic substances present. The calculation of an activation energy of 8.5 $\pm$ 0.9 kJ mol$^{−1}$ during the experiments shows that these radicals OH$^\circ$ act directly after having been formed which explains a low H$_2$O$_2$ content stability when the solution contains organic compounds. Thus, this photo-oxidation taking place in the water column could be used to improve the destruction of residual organic matter in the solution by maintaining the plasma after processing a given amount of organic liquids.
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D. Milelli, F. Lemont, L. Ruffel, T. Barral, M. Marchand. Thermo- and photo- oxidation reaction scheme in a treatment system using submerged plasma. Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, 2017, 317, pp.1083-1091. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2017.02.069⟩. ⟨cea-02421905⟩

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