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Magnesium alloys and graphite wastes encapsulated in cementitious materials: Reduction of galvanic corrosion using alkali hydroxide activated blast furnace slag

Abstract : Magnesium alloys and graphite from spent nuclear fuel have been stored together in La Hague plant. The packaging of these wastes is under consideration. These wastes could be mixed in a grout composed of industrially available cement (Portland, calcium aluminate). Within the alkaline pore solution of these matrixes, magnesium alloys are imperfectly protected by a layer of Brucite resulting in a slow corrosion releasing hydrogen. As the production of this gas must be considered for the storage safety, and the quality of wasteform, it is important to select a cement matrix capable of lowering the corrosion kinetics. Many types of calcium based cements have been tested and most of them have caused strong hydrogen production when magnesium alloys and graphite are conditioned together because of galvanic corrosion. Exceptions are binders based on alkali hydroxide activated ground granulated blast furnace slag (BFS) which are presented in this article.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02421901
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Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2019 - 5:12:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:28:15 AM

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D. Chartier, B. Muzeau, L. Stefan, J. Sanchez-Canet, C. Monguillon. Magnesium alloys and graphite wastes encapsulated in cementitious materials: Reduction of galvanic corrosion using alkali hydroxide activated blast furnace slag. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2017, 326, ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.12.022⟩. ⟨cea-02421901⟩

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