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Conceptual design of ASTRID radial shielding sub-assemblies

Abstract : The French 600 MWe Advanced Sodium Technological Reactor for Industrial Demonstration (ASTRID) project reached in 2015 the end of its conceptual design phase. The core design studies are being conducted by the CEA with support from AREVA NP and EDF. Innovative design choices for the core have been made to comply with the GEN IV reactor objectives, marking a breakthrough with the former Phenix and SuperPhenix Sodium Fast Reactors.One of the biggest challenges of the last five years was to propose a consistent design for the reflectors and neutron shielding sub-assemblies surrounding the fuel core in order to fulfill ASTRID requirements of minimising the secondary sodium activity level. Heavy iterative studies on both core and sub-assemblies were necessary to propose and evaluate different solutions following a strict value analysis process considering neutron shielding performances, life duration, maturity levels, washing and manufacturing capability, and qualification needs. Evaluated options were reflectors sub-assemblies made of steel or MgO rods, and radial neutron shielding sub-assemblies made of B$_4$C or borated steel, with different configurations in the design and in the core layout.This paper presents the iterative engineering studies, conducted by CEA and performed by AREVA NP, concerning the radial shielding sub-assemblies for ASTRID core, from the selection of possible solutions to a final consistent conceptual design.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2019 - 4:20:06 PM
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T. Beck, N. Chapoutier, J.-M. Escleine, L. Gauthier, D. Occhipinti, et al.. Conceptual design of ASTRID radial shielding sub-assemblies. Nuclear Engineering and Design, Elsevier, 2017, 330, pp.129-137. ⟨10.1016/j.nucengdes.2018.01.040⟩. ⟨cea-02421732⟩



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