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Passive Complementary Safety Devices for ASTRID severe accident prevention

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Abstract

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor is one of the Generation IV reactor concepts. It has been selected to secure the nuclear fuel resources and to manage radioactive waste. In this context, the CEA (French Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energy) with its partners is involved in a substantial effort on the ASTRID (Advanced Sodium Technological Reactor for Industrial Demonstration) Project. ASTRID core design is mainly guided by safety objectives. The first one is prevention of the core meltdown accident, at first through natural favourable behaviour of the core and of the reactor, and with the addition of passive complementary systems if natural behaviour is not sufficient for some transient cases. The second one is the mitigation of the severe accident to guarantee that core melting accidents do not lead to significant mechanical energy release. The robust safety demonstration is supported by complementing ASTRID core with two types of Complementary Safety Devices dedicated to core damage prevention that would passively shut down the reactor. The first type is based on the Curie point use of electromagnetic devices that hold some specific ASTRID shutdown systems to address unprotected loss of heat sink transients (ULOHS).
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cea-02421676 , version 1 (20-12-2019)

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  • HAL Id : cea-02421676 , version 1

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M. Saez, R Lavastre, Ph Marsault. Passive Complementary Safety Devices for ASTRID severe accident prevention. International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles: Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development, Jun 2017, Yekaterinburg, Russia. ⟨cea-02421676⟩

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