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Insight into the Am-O Phase Equilibria: A Thermodynamic Study Coupling High-Temperature XRD and CALPHAD Modeling.

Abstract : In the frame of minor actinide transmutation, americium can be diluted in UO2 and (U, Pu)O2 fuels burned in fast neutron reactors. The first mandatory step to foresee the influence of Am on the in-reactor behavior of transmutation targets or fuel is to have fundamental knowledge of the Am-O binary system and, in particular, of the AmO2-x phase. In this study, we coupled HT-XRD (high-temperature X-ray diffraction) experiments with CALPHAD thermodynamic modeling to provide new insights into the structural properties and phase equilibria in the AmO2-x-AmO1.61+x-Am2O3 domain. Because of this approach, we were able for the first time to assess the relationships between temperature, lattice parameter, and hypostoichiometry for fcc AmO2-x. We showed the presence of a hyperstoichiometric existence domain for the bcc AmO1.61+x phase and the absence of a miscibility gap in the fcc AmO2-x phase, contrary to previous representations of the phase diagram. Finally, with the new experimental data, a new CALPHAD thermodynamic model of the Am-O system was developed, and an improved version of the phase diagram is presented.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02418708
Contributor : Amplexor Amplexor <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 19, 2019 - 9:46:58 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:28:15 AM

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E. Epifano, C. Gueneau, Rc. Belin, R. Vauchy, F. Lebreton, et al.. Insight into the Am-O Phase Equilibria: A Thermodynamic Study Coupling High-Temperature XRD and CALPHAD Modeling.. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 2017, ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b00572⟩. ⟨cea-02418708⟩

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