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Dimensional measurement of TiO2 particles in powder form by SAXS and SEM

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Abstract

Developments of nanomaterials had an important known evolution during the last thirty years for different industrial sectors1. Titanium dioxide is one of the most produced and exploited nanomaterials in the industry2. Indeed, TiO2 has various applications; it can be used as a white pigment for paint and food products and is also used as a UV filter in sunscreen lotions. The characterization of TiO2 nanoparticles, contained in consumer products remains a challenge because of their structure (polydispersity, polymorphism) and their environment which remains generally complex and requires several characterizations techniques. Electron microscopies are the first recommended techniques for the dimensional characterization of nanomaterials. In comparison with the results obtained by the scanning electron microscope (SEM), another technique, SAXS (Small Angle X-Ray Scattering), can be used for the indirect characterization of nanomaterials (simple or introduced into a complex matrix). The first step of this study is to compare the dimensional measurements of TiO2 nanoparticles in powder form with two different techniques: SEM (direct method) and SAXS (indirect method) and with two different measurands, an equivalent area diameter for SEM and specific surface area for SAXS. The second part should be to avoid the sampling preparation steps with in situ dimensional measurement.
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Dates and versions

cea-02403840 , version 1 (11-12-2019)

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N Bouzakher-Ghomrasni, C. Chivas-Joly, F. Testard, O. Taché. Dimensional measurement of TiO2 particles in powder form by SAXS and SEM. SFNano - C'Nano, Dec 2019, Dijon, France. ⟨10.3762/bjnano.6.181⟩. ⟨cea-02403840⟩
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