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Nanosecond laser surface treatment of steels. Different applications in the fields of nuclear industry

Abstract : Among the numerous laser applications, laser surface melting by using a pulsed-laser is an innovative technology in the field of surface treatments. This technique presents many advantages. It only modifies the surface properties by keeping the mechanical properties of the bulk. It requires neither addition of other compounds nor contact, so it is quite economical and it does not pollute the material. It allows the treatment of complex shapes into closed spaces with difficult access. The laser can work in autonomy that present an interest in the fields of nuclear decontamination.This treatment consists in focusing a nanopulsed laser beam on the surface of the material, leading to the rather immediate melting of the surface through a micron depth, immediately followed by an ultra-fast solidification occurring with cooling rate up to 1010 K/s.By using different techniques of analysis, we showed that the combination of these processes leads to various modifications of surface properties. By combining with dexterity the different laser parameters, it is possible to functionalize the surface or to improve the native properties.Glow discharge optical emission spectrometry (GDOES), XPS and TEM were used to establish the segregation of chemical elements and the growth of a new oxide layer with new properties.XRD with grazing incidence was employed to identify the change of crystallographic structure, SEM was performed to promote the diminution of the surface defects and the microstructure.Applications in fields of nuclear will be presented, especially in terms of pitting corrosion of stainless steel used in secondary circuit, and protection against the nickel release of heat exchanger tubes in the primary circuit coolant.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 1:57:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:28:14 AM


  • HAL Id : cea-02400208, version 1




W. Pacquentin, L. Carvalho, M. Tabarant, H. Maskrot. Nanosecond laser surface treatment of steels. Different applications in the fields of nuclear industry. NuMat2018, 2018, Seattle, United States. ⟨cea-02400208⟩



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